Roads form the backbone of the Urban Infrastructure development. This Government endeavours to provide motorable roads that are designed and built for the primary use for vehicular and pedestrian traffic.
The Corporations (except Chennai) and Municipalities maintain a total road length of 21412.08 Km of of which 4400.32 Km are of cement concrete roads, 13255.40 Km are of black topped roads, 1253.64 Km are of WBM roads, 2352.74 Km are of Earthen roads and 149.98 Km are of other roads like cut stone pavement, paver block etc.
The maintenance of roads, restoring and relaying the damaged roads due to implementation of Water Supply schemes, Under Ground sewerage schemes and Natural calamities have posed a major challenge to the ULBs.
The Government puts much emphasis on improving roads damaged due to laying of sewer lines, water mains and also due to natural calamities, over a period of time and require restoration to full width to make it motorable. To this effect, the Government has announced an “Urban Road Infrastructure Programme”.
During the year 2012-13, under this programme, a sum of ₹175 crore was sanctioned to take up 486.45 km length of road damaged due to the implementation of Under Ground Sewerage Schemes and Water Supply Improvement Schemes in 21 Municipalities and 4 Corporations which are in various stages of implementation. This programme will also be continued in the year 2013-14.
Under Integrated Urban Development Mission 2012-13, 94 Urban Local Bodies have taken up road works to a length of 450 km at a total cost of ₹167.17 crore.
Plastic waste poses a major threat to the environment. This Government have placed great importance on the effective use of plastic waste to reduce the environmental degradation caused by plastic. In order to ensure a plastic free environment, road laying in Municipalities and Corporations is being done based on plastic waste technology. Based on the Policy of the Government to use the available plastic waste to the maximum extent possible, a programme of laying the roads using plastic waste has been taken up in the Urban Local Bodies.
During the year 2012-13, 52.24 km length of roads have been taken up at the cost of ₹10.00 crore in 23 Municipalities and 3 Corporations and are in various stages of implementation.
During 2013-14, it is proposed to lay 100 km length of roads using plastic waste.
To promote the collection, segregation and shredding of plastic waste, Self Help Groups (SHGs) are organised and engaged in the activities. So far 11 collection centres with shredding machines are established at a cost of ₹ 0.80 crore.
During the year 2013-14, it is proposed to establish 50 more Collection Centres in the Urban Local Bodies.
The Government have taken massive restoration and relaying of roads in the ULBs. In order to enhance the utility and usefulness of these roads to the commuters and tourists by giving proper signages, like names, cautions, tourist destination etc., a programme was taken up to provide uniform retro reflective road signages. So far, about 5363 single arrows, 945 double arrows, and 369 road fixtures were erected in the Corporations and Municipalities. This will be continued during 2013-14.